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แบบฝึกหัดแยกแยะ part of speech - Adjective, Noun, Verb

parts of speech puzzle

สวัสดีครับ
       การรู้จักแยกแยะชนิดของคำ หรือ part of speech มีประโยชน์มาก เพราะทำให้เรารู้จักหน้าที่ของคำในประโยคที่เราอ่าน ยกตัวอย่างคำว่า light

  • เมื่อเป็น Noun แปลว่า แสงสว่าง, ไฟ, แง่มุมการมอง  ฯลฯ
  • เมื่อเป็น Verb แปลว่า จุดไฟ, ติดไฟ, ให้แสงสว่าง ฯลฯ
  • และเมื่อเป็น adjective แปลว่า อ่อน, เบา, เบา ๆ, เบาบาง   ฯลฯ    

เมื่อเราอ่านพบคำศัพท์ที่เราไม่รู้จัก แต่...

  • ถ้าเราแยกแยะได้ว่ามันเป็น Noun อย่างน้อยเราก็พอมองออกว่า มันต้องเป็น คน สัตว์ สิ่งของ หรือ อารมณ์ "ความ"รู้สึกนึกคิด "การ"กระทำ การพูดจา อย่างใดอย่างหนึ่ง คือมันต้องมีตัวตน ที่อาจจะเป็นรูปธรรม หรือ นามธรรม ก็ได้
  • หรือถ้าเรารู้ว่ามันเป็น Verb มันก็ต้องเป็นคำที่แสดงอาการทางร่างกาย คำพูด หรือความรู้สึกนึกคิดอย่างใดอย่างหนึ่ง  
  • หรือถ้าเห็นชัดว่ามันเป็น Adjective ซึ่งเป็นคำขยายลักษณะอย่างใดอย่างหนึ่ง เราก็พอมองออกว่า มันต้องขยายอะไรสักอย่างในประโยคนั้น เช่น ขยาย Noun ที่วางอยู่ข้างหลัง เป็นต้น

       การรู้จัก part of speech จึงมีประโยชน์มากด้วยประการฉะนี้
       ผมได้รวบรวมประโยคตัวอย่าง คำว่า light ซึ่งเป็นทั้ง Noun, Verb และ Adjective อย่างละประมาณ 50 ประโยค เพื่อให้ท่านได้ฝึกสังเกตตำแหน่งและฝึกแปลความหมายของมันในประโยค โดยหวังว่า เมื่อท่านไปอ่านเจอศัพท์อื่น ๆ ที่ท่านไม่รู้จัก อันดับแรกก่อนจะเดา ก็พยายามมองให้ออกว่า มันเป็นคำอะไร และนี่จะช่วยให้การเดาหรือตีความของเราง่ายขึ้น
♦→ คลิกดาวน์โหลดไฟล์ pdf
♦→ คลิกดาวน์โหลดไฟล์ WORD
       และข้างล่างนี้เป็นแบบฝึกหัด ให้ท่านอ่านประโยค และตอบตัวเองว่า คำว่า light หรือ lit หรือ lighted ที่ท่านเห็นในประโยคมันเป็นคำอะไร, มันทำหน้าที่เป็น ประธาน กริยา กรรม หรือส่วนขยาย (ขยายอะไร หรือถูกอะไรขยาย) และพยายามอ่านตีความให้เข้าใจให้ได้
       ในคอลัมน์ท้ายประโยค ให้ท่านไฮไลท์เพื่อดูเฉลยว่า มันเป็น N → Noun, A → Adjective หรือเป็น V → Verb
ลองฝึกดูนะครับ

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1  He stopped to light a cigarette.  V
2   I lit the fire and poured a drink.  V
3   You look nice in light colours.  A
4  She had blue eyes and light brown hair.  A
5    We saw a flash of light.  N
6  I couldn’t get the candles to light.  V
7   I wanted a lighter yellow paint for the walls.  A 
8   We’ll keep on looking while it’s still light.  A 
9      The porch is always  well lit  at night.  V
10    The kitchen was warm and  brightly lit .  V
11    Everything looked grey in the dim light of the oil lamp.  N
12    It was seven o'clock and just starting to  get light .  A 
13  We had only a few torches between us to light the way.  V
14  His eye lit on a ruby ring.  V
15   It was seven o'clock and just starting to  get light .  A 
16  I thought I might have lit upon an ancient manuscript.  V
17   The kitchen was light and spacious.  A 
18  I read by the light of the fire.  N
19  The office was a big light room at the back of the house.  A 
20  The man moved forward into the light.  N
21  You can carry this bag – it’s fairly light.  A 
22  The flames lit up the sky.  V
23   You should wear light, comfortable shoes.  A 
24  The colours look different in different lights.  N
25  Ahead of us we could see the lights of the city.  N
26  We’re having a mixture of wall lights and ceiling lights in different parts of the house.  N
27  The truck was quite light and easy to drive.  A 
28  Traffic is lighter before 8 a.m.  A 
29  A light rain began to fall.  A 
30  She was wearing only light make-up.  A
31  She took a light sweater in case the evening was cool.  A
32  Leaves were blowing about in the light wind.  A
33  There was a light easterly breeze.  A
34  There was a light tap at the door.  A
35   I switched on the light in the bedroom.  N
36  Don’t forget to switch the lights off when you go out.  N
37  Can you turn the light out downstairs?  N
38  The fountain is lit up at night.  V
39  The lights in the office were still on.  N
40  At night the harbour lights up.  V
41  The street lights were just beginning to come on.  N
42  Her voice was light and pleasant.  A
43  He left a light on in the kitchen.  N
44  She gave him a light kiss on the cheek.  A
45  He felt a light tap on his shoulder.  A
46   I found him some light work to do.  A
47  Make sure all the lights are off when you leave.  N
48  She only has a few light duties around the house.  A
49  Suddenly all the  lights  in the house  went out .  N
50   The doctor has advised me to take regular light exercise.  A
51   As the screen lit up, he typed in his password  V
52  Can you  turn the light down a bit?    N
53  His eyes lit up with laughter.  V
54  Suddenly a smile lit up her face.  V
55  We had a light white wine with the fish.  A
56  I had a light lunch in town.  A
57  Shine a light over here, will you?  N
58   A mischievous gleam lit up her eyes.  V
59  We waited for the lights to change.  N
60   Eventually the lights turned green.  N
61  The driver had failed to stop at a red light.    N
62  I leaned forward to light her cigarette.  V
63  Beat the mixture until it is light and fluffy.  A
64    I fell into a light sleep.  A
65   She’s quite a light sleeper.  A
66   His speech gradually became lighter in tone.  A
67  Osborn's Christmas display is lighted by some 30,000 colored bulbs.  V
68  He was dazzled by the lights of oncoming traffic.  N
69  You’ve left your lights on.    N
70  It’s a really good book if you want a bit of  light reading .  A
71  Ricky sat down and lit a cigarette.   V
72  The old man struck a match and lit his pipe.  V
73  The show looks at some of the lighter moments from the world of politics.  A
74  We set out at first light the next day.  N
75   I’m glad you’ve arrived – we could all do with a little light relief!  A
76  She tried to make light of the situation, but I could tell that she was worried.  A
77  Could you move to the left a little – you’re standing in my light.  N
78 The room was lit by dozens of candles.  V
79      Have you got a light, please?  N
80    There was a murderous light in his eyes.  N
81  The candle fell over and set light to the barn.  N
82   On a lighter note, the concert raised over £300 for school funds.  A
83  A freezer and microwave oven can make light work of cooking.  A
84    This evidence did not come to light until after the trial.  N
85  The mistake was only brought to light some years later.  N
86  We searched around for twigs and fallen branches, so we could light a fire.  V
87  Melanie was able to shed some light on the situation.  N
88  She’s very agile and light on her feet.  A
89  These discoveries may throw new light on the origins of the universe.  N
90  What are you going to use to light the stage?  V
91  I set off for work with a light heart.  A
92  Carrots grow well in light soils.  A
93  In light of this tragic event, we have canceled the 4th of July celebrations. N
94  I suddenly saw my father in a new light.  N
95  This incident will put the company in a very bad light.  N
96  At last doctors have seen the light!  N
97  She lit a candle.  V
98  The candles were lit.  V
99  Heat rises because hot air is lighter than cold air.  A
100  Some of these documents will probably never see the light of day.  N
101  It’s been a hard few months, but we’re finally beginning to see the light at the end of the tunnel.  N
102    I went straight to bed and went out like a light.  N
103  She’s one of the leading lights of the local dramatic society.  N
104  Her son was the light of her life.  N
105  I try to have a light workout every day.  A
106     Jones received only a light punishment.
107  Modern tennis rackets are much lighter than old-fashioned wooden ones.  A
108   The light was so bright he had to shut his eyes.  N
109  Gradually her eyes became accustomed to the dim light.  N
110    I put a lighted match to the letter and watched it burn.  V
111  Steve took out a cigarette and lit it.  V
112  She has light brown hair.  A
113  She prepared a light lunch of salad and cheese.  A
114   Stand over here where the light is good.  N
115  The light was too poor for me to read.  N
116  The flowers glowed brightly in the morning light. N
117    The only natural light came from two high windows.  N
118  The fire wouldn't light.  V
119    The office was windowless, lit only by artificial light.  V, N
120  The stage was lit by bright spotlights.  V
121  Our way was lit by a full moon.  V
122  A gleam of humour momentarily lit his face.  V
123  Her face lit up with pleasure.  V
124  She paused to light another cigarette.  V
125   The light from the streetlamp shone through the curtains.  N
126  Stacey’s face immediately lit up.  V
127  The room was dark now, lit only by a single candle.  V
128   The only light came from the fire.  N
129  She was light as a feather to carry, and her hands were cold as ice.  A
130  Some ministers are suggesting that there should be much lighter penalties for first-time offenders.  A
131   Light streamed in through the window.  N
132  Come in, I’ll light a fire and you can get warmed up.  V
133  The room was lit by candles.  V
134  He took out a pipe and lighted up before speaking.  V
135  Her face lit up when she saw the presents.  V
136  The light fell on her book.  N
137     A dim torch lit the cave.  V
138  They lit the garden with beautiful lanterns.  V
139  The room is lighted by two large chandeliers.  V
140   The hallway led to a light and spacious studio.  A
141  The lights in the house were all off.  N
142  Hundreds of candles lighted up the ballroom.  V
143  The sky lights up at sunset.  V
144  After I light the candles, we can sing "Happy Birthday."  V
145   They installed gas apparatus to light the factory.  V
146  One flick of the master switch lights all the lamps in the room.  V
147  The kitchen is light and airy, with a fantastic view.  A
148    This table lamp won't light.  V
149  The street lamps lit the empty road.  V
150   He lit his fifth cigarette in half an hour.  V
151  The light from the screen illuminated the people gathered round it.  N
152   Make sure you always park your car in busy, well lit streets.  V
153  A smile lit up her face. Her presence lighted up the room.  V
154     Why don't we light a fire?  V
155  Snow reflects a lot of light.  N
156   The stage had been lit with candles.  V
157    The fields and woods were bathed in golden light.  N
158  There was a shaft of light from the doorway.  N
159   The sentence was surprisingly light for such a serious offence.  A
160  A full moon lit up the sky.  V
161  The studio was light and spacious.  A
162  A flash of light caught his attention.  N
163  Laser beams lit up the night.  V
164  The traffic's much lighter than usual.  A
165  They stood in the pool of light cast by the streetlamp.  N
166  The damp wood refused to light.  V
167  They both have brown hair, but Tina's is slightly lighter.  A
168  She switched the kitchen light on.  N
169  These dry logs will light more easily.  V
170  I want to get home while it’s still light.  A

 

 

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