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คำศัพท์ระดับ A1 ของ CEFR สำหรับคนเริ่มเรียนภาษาอังกฤษ

        CEFR - Common European Framework of Reference for Languages หรือ "กรอบมาตรฐานการประเมินความสามารถทางภาษา จากประเทศในกลุ่มสหภาพยุโรป" ได้จัดความสามารถทางภาษาอังกฤษไว้ 6 ระดับ คือ

CECR
       และเขายังจัดด้วยว่า ในแต่ละระดับควรจะรู้ศัพท์อย่างน้อยคำใดบ้าง และความหมายใดของคำนั้น (ศัพท์บางคำมีหลายความหมาย, ถ้าเป็นระดับต้น ๆ ก็ควรรู้ความหมายพื้นฐาน, ส่วนระดับที่สูงขึ้นไปก็ให้รู้ความหมายที่สูงขึ้น)
      วันนี้ผมนำคำศัพท์ระดับแรกสุด คือ A1 ซึ่งมีประมาณ 5 - 600 คำมาให้ท่านดู โดยนำมาจาก Cambridge Dictionary, 4th Edition
คลิก 
       สำหรับคำที่มีหลายความหมาย เขาเขียนสั้น ๆ บอกไว้ด้วยว่า ระดับ A1 นี้ ควรจะรู้จักความหมายใด
       ผมเห็นว่า ศัพท์พวกนี้น่าจะเป็นประโยชน์ต่อคุณครูหรือพ่อแม่ที่เริ่มสอนให้ลูกศิษย์หรือลูกหลานรู้คำศัพท์ เพราะช่วยให้เราแน่ใจว่า เป็นคำศัพท์หรือความหมายที่ควรรู้ก่อน เพราะมันผ่านการวิจัยมาเป็นอย่างดีแล้ว
      ถ้าท่านต้องการดูคำแปลเป็นไทยและประโยคตัวอย่าง ก็ไฮไลท์คำศัพท์ และคลิก Definition ครับ

1 a det (NOT PARTICULAR)
2 a det (ONE)
3 about prep (CONNECTED WITH)
4 about adv (APPROXIMATELY)
5 above adv, prep (HIGHER POSITION)
6 ad n
7 address n (HOME DETAILS)
8 address n (COMPUTERS)
9 adult n
10 after prep
11 afternoon n
12 again adv (ONE MORE TIME)
13 age n (TIME SPENT ALIVE)
14 all det, predeterminer, pronoun
15 also adv
16 always adv (EVERY TIME)
17 a.m. adv
18 an det
19 and conj (ALSO)
20 and conj (THEN)
21 animal n (CREATURE)
22 answer n (REACTION)
23 answer v (REACT)
24 any det, pronoun (SOME)
25 any det, pronoun (NOT IMPORTANT WHICH)
26 anything pronoun (SOMETHING)
27 anything pronoun (ANY OBJECT/SITUATION)
28 apple n
29 April n
30 arm n (BODY PART)
31 as prep
32 at prep (PLACE)
33 at prep (TIME)
34 at prep (DIRECTION)
35 at prep (EMAIL ADDRESS)
36 August n
37 baby n
38 bad adj (UNPLEASANT)
39 bag n (CONTAINER)
40 ball n (ROUND OBJECT)
41 banana n
42 band n (MUSICIANS)
43 bank n (MONEY)
44 bar n (DRINKING PLACE)
45 baseball n
46 basketball n
47 bat n (STICK)
48 bath n
49 bathroom n
50 be v (DESCRIPTION)
51 beach n
52 bean n
53 beard n
54 beautiful adj
55 because conj
56 bed n (FURNITURE)
57 bedroom n
58 beer n
59 before prep, adv, conj
60 begin v (START TO HAPPEN)
61 behind prep, adv
62 below adv, prep (POSITION)
63 best adj
64 better adj
65 between prep, adv (SPACE)
66 between prep, adv (TIME)
67 between prep (OPPOSING)
68 big adj (LARGE)
69 bike n
70 bird n (CREATURE)
71 birthday n
72 biscuit n (FLAT CAKE)
73 black adj (COLOUR)
74 blouse n
75 blue adj (COLOUR)
76 board n (WOOD)
77 boat n
78 body n (PHYSICAL STRUCTURE)
79 book n (TEXT)
80 bookcase n
81 boot n (SHOE)
82 bored adj
83 boring adj
84 both predeterminer, det, pronoun
85 bottom n (LOWEST PLACE)
86 box n (CONTAINER)
87 boy n
88 bread n
89 breakfast n
90 brother n
91 brown n
92 bus n (VEHICLE)
93 business n (SELLING)
94 busy adj (DOING THINGS)
95 but conj
96 butter n
97 buy v (PAY FOR)
98 bye exclamation
99 café n
100 cake n (FOOD)
101 camera n
102 can modal verb (ABILITY)
103 can modal verb (PERMISSION)
104 can modal verb (REQUEST)
105 can modal verb (OFFER)
106 cannot modal verb
107 car n
108 carry v (TRANSPORT)
109 cat n
110 catch v (TAKE HOLD)
111 catch v (TRAVEL)
112 CD n
113 chair n (FURNITURE)
114 change v (BECOME DIFFERENT)
115 cheap adj (LOW PRICE)
116 check v (MARK)
117 cheese n
118 child n
119 chip n (FRIED FOOD)
120 chocolate n
121 choose v
122 city n (TOWN)
123 class n (TEACHING GROUP)
124 classroom n
125 clean adj (NOT DIRTY)
126 clean v
127 clever adj
128 clock n (TIME)
129 close v (NOT OPEN)
130 close adj, adv (NEAR)
131 closed adj (NOT OPEN)
132 clothes n
133 coat n (CLOTHING)
134 coffee n
135 cold adj (LOW TEMPERATURE)
136 colour n (APPEARANCE)
137 colour v (BECOME A COLOUR)
138 come v (MOVE TO SPEAKER)
139 come v (MOVE TO LISTENER)
140 come v (ARRIVE)
141 computer n
142 conversation n
143 cook v
144 country n (POLITICAL UNIT)
145 course n (CLASSES)
146 cow n (ANIMAL)
147 cracker n (FOOD)
148 cross n (MARK)
149 cup n (DRINKING CONTAINER)
150 dad n
151 dance v
152 dance n
153 dark adj (WITHOUT LIGHT)
154 date n (DAY)
155 daughter n
156 day n
157 dear adj (LOVED)
158 December n
159 desk n (TABLE)
160 dictionary n
161 die v
162 different adj
163 difficult adj
164 dinner n
165 do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)
166 do v (PERFORM)
167 do v (DEAL WITH)
168 do v (STUDY)
169 doctor n (MEDICINE)
170 dog n (ANIMAL)
171 doll n
172 dollar n
173 door n
174 down adv (LOWER POSITION)
175 draw v (PICTURE)
176 dress n
177 drink n (LIQUID)
178 drink v (LIQUID)
179 drive v (USE VEHICLE)
180 driver n (VEHICLE)
181 DVD n
182 each pronoun, det
183 ear n (BODY PART)
184 early adj, adv
185 easy adj (NOT DIFFICULT)
186 eat v
187 egg n (FOOD)
188 eight number
189 eighteen number
190 eleven number
191 email n
192 end n (LAST POINT)
193 enjoy v (PLEASURE)
194 eraser n
195 evening n
196 every det (ALL)
197 every det (REPEATED)
198 example n (TYPICAL CASE)
199 excited adj
200 exciting adj
201 expensive adj
202 eye n (BODY PART)
203 face n (HEAD)
204 factory n
205 family n (SOCIAL GROUP)
206 famous adj
207 farm n
208 fast adj (QUICK)
209 fat adj (BIG)
210 father n (PARENT)
211 favourite adj
212 February n
213 feel v (EXPERIENCE)
214 fifteen number
215 film n (MOVING PICTURES)
216 find v (DISCOVER)
217 fine adj (SATISFACTORY)
218 finish v (COMPLETE/END)
219 first ordinal number, det
220 first adv
221 fish n
222 five number
223 flat n (HOME)
224 floor n (SURFACE)
225 flower n
226 fly v (TRAVEL)
227 food n
228 foot n (BODY PART)
229 football n
230 for prep (INTENDED FOR)
231 for prep (TIME/DISTANCE)
232 forget v (NOT DO)
233 four number
234 fourteen number
235 Friday n
236 friend n (PERSON YOU LIKE)
237 from prep (PLACE)
238 from prep (TIME)
239 from prep (DISTANCE)
240 from prep (ORIGIN)
241 fruit n (PLANT PART)
242 fun n (PLEASURE)
243 funny adj (HUMOROUS)
244 game n (FUN ACTIVITY/SPORT)
245 garden n
246 get v (OBTAIN)
247 get v (REACH)
248 get v (TRAVEL)
249 girl n
250 give v (PROVIDE)
251 glass n (SUBSTANCE)
252 glass n (CONTAINER)
253 go v (MOVE/TRAVEL)
254 good adj (PLEASANT/SATISFACTORY)
255 good adj (HEALTHY)
256 good adj (HIGH QUALITY)
257 good adj (SUCCESSFUL)
258 good adj (KIND)
259 good adj (POSITIVE)
260 good adj (SATISFACTION)
261 goodbye exclamation
262 grass n (PLANT)
263 great adj (GOOD)
264 green adj (COLOUR)
265 grey adj (COLOUR)
266 group n (SET)
267 group n (MUSIC)
268 guitar n
269 hair n
270 hand n (BODY PART)
271 happy adj (PLEASED)
272 happy adj (GREETING)
273 hard adj (DIFFICULT)
274 hard adv (USING EFFORT)
275 hat n
276 have v (POSSESS)
277 have v (BE ILL)
278 have v (EAT/DRINK)
279 he pronoun
280 head n (BODY PART)
281 hear v (RECEIVE SOUND)
282 hello exclamation, n
283 help v (MAKE EASIER)
284 her pronoun
285 here adv
286 hi exclamation
287 him pronoun (MALE)
288 his det (MALE)
289 his pronoun
290 holiday n
291 home n (HOUSE/APARTMENT)
292 home n (ORIGIN)
293 homework n
294 horse n (ANIMAL)
295 hospital n
296 hot adj (VERY WARM)
297 hotel n (PLACE TO STAY)
298 hour n
299 house n (HOME)
300 how adv
301 hungry adj (NEEDING FOOD)
302 husband n
303 I pronoun
304 important adj
305 in prep (INSIDE)
306 in prep (DURING)
307 inside adv, prep, adj
308 interesting adj
309 into prep (INSIDE)
310 invite v (ASK TO AN EVENT)
311 it pronoun (THING)
312 it pronoun (SUBJECT/OBJECT)
313 its det
314 jacket n (CLOTHES)
315 January n
316 jeans n
317 job n (EMPLOYMENT)
318 juice n (LIQUID)
319 July n
320 June n
321 key n (LOCK)
322 kick v
323 kind n
324 kitchen n
325 knife n
326 know v (HAVE INFORMATION)
327 language n
328 last adj, adv, pronoun
329 late adj, adv (NEAR THE END)
330 late adj, adv (AFTER EXPECTED TIME)
331 learn v
332 leave v (GO AWAY)
333 leave v (STOP)
334 leg n (BODY PART)
335 lesson n
336 letter n (MESSAGE)
337 life n
338 light adj (PALE)
339 like v (ENJOY)
340 like v (WANT)
341 listen v
342 little adj (SMALL)
343 little adj (YOUNG)
344 long adj (TIME)
345 long adj (DISTANCE)
346 look v (SEE)
347 look v (SEARCH)
348 love v (LIKE SOMEONE)
349 love v (LIKE SOMETHING)
350 lunch n
351 make v (PRODUCE)
352 man n (MALE)
353 many det, pronoun
354 March n
355 May n
356 me pronoun
357 meal n (FOOD)
358 meat n (FOOD)
359 meet v (FOR THE FIRST TIME)
360 meet v (COME TOGETHER)
361 message n (INFORMATION)
362 milk n
363 minute n (TIME)
364 Miss n
365 mobile n (PHONE)
366 mom n
367 Monday n
368 money n
369 month n
370 more det, pronoun, adv
371 morning n
372 mother n (PARENT)
373 mouth n (BODY PART)
374 movie n
375 Mr n
376 Mrs n
377 much det
378 mum n
379 museum n
380 music n
381 my det
382 name n
383 nationality n
384 near adv, prep
385 need v (MUST HAVE)
386 need v (MUST DO)
387 never adv
388 new adj (RECENTLY CREATED)
389 new adj (DIFFERENT)
390 new adj (RECENTLY DISCOVERED)
391 newspaper n
392 next adj, pronoun
393 nice adj (PLEASANT)
394 nice adj (KIND)
395 night n (DARK PERIOD)
396 night n (EVENING)
397 nine number
398 nineteen number
399 no det
400 no adv (NEGATIVE ANSWER)
401 noise n (SOUND)
402 nose n (BODY PART)
403 not adv
404 note n (WRITING)
405 November n
406 now adv (AT PRESENT)
407 number n (SYMBOL)
408 o'clock adv
409 October n
410 of prep (POSSESSION)
411 of prep (AMOUNT)
412 of prep (CONTAINING)
413 of prep (DAYS)
414 often adv
415 oh exclamation
416 OK exclamation (AGREEING)
417 OK adj (ACCEPTABLE)
418 old adj (NOT YOUNG/NEW)
419 old adj (WHAT AGE)
420 on prep (ABOVE)
421 on prep (CONNECTED)
422 on prep (TIME)
423 one number, det (NUMBER)
424 only adj
425 only adv (NOT MORE)
426 open adj (READY)
427 open v (NOT CLOSED)
428 or conj (POSSIBILITIES)
429 orange n (FRUIT)
430 orange adj
431 other det (ADDITIONAL)
432 our det
433 outside adj, adv, prep
434 page n (PAPER)
435 paint n
436 paint v
437 pants n
438 paper n (MATERIAL)
439 parent n (MOTHER/FATHER)
440 park n
441 part n (SEPARATE PIECE)
442 party n (CELEBRATION)
443 past prep, adv (TIME)
444 pay v (BUY)
445 pen n (FOR WRITING)
446 pencil n
447 people n
448 person n (HUMAN)
449 pet n (ANIMAL)
450 phone n (PHONE)
451 phone v
452 photo n
453 picnic n
454 picture n (IMAGE)
455 pig n (ANIMAL)
456 pizza n
457 place n (AREA)
458 plane n (AIRCRAFT)
459 plant n (LIVING THING)
460 plate n (DISH)
461 play v (ENJOY)
462 play v (GAME)
463 player n (GAME)
464 please exclamation
465 p.m.
466 poor adj (NO MONEY)
467 possible adj (CAN ACHIEVE)
468 potato n
469 practise v (TRAINING)
470 problem n
471 put v (MOVE)
472 question n (ASKING)
473 quick adj
474 radio n
475 rain n
476 rain v
477 read v (UNDERSTAND)
478 reading n (WRITTEN TEXT)
479 really adv (VERY)
480 red adj
481 refrigerator n
482 remember v
483 restaurant n
484 rice n
485 ride v
486 right adj (CORRECT)
487 river n
488 road n
489 room n (PLACE)
490 run v (GO QUICKLY)
491 sad adj (NOT HAPPY)
492 safe adj (NOT IN DANGER)
493 salt n (FOOD)
494 same adj (NOT ANOTHER)
495 sandwich n
496 Saturday n
497 say v (SPEAK)
498 school n (EDUCATION)
499 sea n
500 second ordinal number, det
501 see v (USE EYES)
502 see v (MEET)
503 send v (POST/EMAIL)
504 sentence n (WORD GROUP)
505 September n
506 seven number
507 seventeen number
508 she pronoun
509 sheep n
510 shirt n
511 shoe n
512 shop n (PLACE TO BUY THINGS)
513 shopping n
514 short adj (DISTANCE)
515 short adj (TIME)
516 show v (MAKE SEEN)
517 shower n (WASHING DEVICE)
518 sing v (MAKE MUSIC)
519 sister n
520 sit v (BE SEATED)
521 six number
522 sixteen number
523 skirt n
524 sleep v
525 slim adj
526 slow adj (NOT FAST)
527 small adj (LITTLE)
528 small adj (YOUNG)
529 smoke v (BREATHE SMOKE)
530 smoking n
531 snow n (WEATHER)
532 some det (UNKNOWN AMOUNT)
533 some pronoun
534 something pronoun
535 sometimes adv
536 son n
537 sorry adj (APOLOGY)
538 soup n
539 speak v (SAY WORDS)
540 speak v (LANGUAGE)
541 sport n (GAME)
542 start v (BEGIN)
543 station n (BUSES/TRAINS)
544 stay v (NOT LEAVE)
545 stop v (FINISH)
546 stop n
547 store n (SHOP)
548 street n
549 student n
550 study v (LEARN)
551 subject n (AREA OF STUDY)
552 subway n (RAILWAY)
553 sugar n
554 summer n
555 sun n
556 Sunday n
557 supermarket n
558 sweet adj (TASTE)
559 swim v (MOVE IN WATER)
560 table n (FURNITURE)
561 take v (MOVE)
562 take v (GO WITH)
563 talk v (SAY WORDS)
564 tall adj
565 taxi n
566 tea n (DRINK)
567 teach v
568 teacher n
569 television n
570 tell v (SPEAK)
571 ten number
572 tennis n
573 test n
574 than prep, conj
575 thanks exclamation
576 that det
577 the det (PARTICULAR)
578 their det
579 them pronoun
580 then adv, adj
581 then adv (NEXT)
582 there adv (PLACE)
583 there adv (INTRODUCING SUBJECT)
584 these det, pronoun plural of
585 they pronoun
586 thing n (OBJECT)
587 think v (CONSIDER)
588 thirteen number
589 this det
590 those det, pronoun plural of
591 three number
592 Thursday n
593 tick v (MARK)
594 ticket n (PROOF OF PAYMENT)
595 time n (PARTICULAR POINT)
596 tired adj (NEEDING REST)
597 to prep (INFINITIVE)
598 to prep (SHOWING DIRECTION)
599 to prep (UNTIL)
600 today adv, n
601 together adv (WITH EACH OTHER)
602 toilet n (CONTAINER)
603 tomato n
604 tomorrow adv, n
605 tonight adv, n
606 too adv (MORE)
607 too adv (ALSO)
608 tooth n (MOUTH)
609 town n
610 train n (VEHICLE)
611 travel v
612 tree n
613 trousers n
614 Tuesday n
615 TV n
616 twelve number
617 twenty number
618 two number
619 under prep (LOWER POSITION)
620 understand v (KNOW)
621 university n
622 until prep, conj (TIME)
623 up adv (VERTICAL)
624 us pronoun (GROUP)
625 use v (PURPOSE)
626 vacation n
627 vegetable n (FOOD)
628 very adv
629 village n
630 visit v
631 wait v
632 waiter n
633 waitress n
634 wake v
635 walk v (MOVE ON FOOT)
636 wall n
637 want v (WISH)
638 warm adj (TEMPERATURE)
639 wash v (CLEAN)
640 watch v (LOOK AT)
641 watch n (SMALL CLOCK)
642 water n
643 we pronoun (GROUP)
644 wear v (ON BODY)
645 weather n
646 website n
647 Wednesday n
648 week n
649 weekend n
650 well adv (IN A GOOD WAY)
651 well adj
652 well exclamation
653 what det, pronoun, exclamation (QUESTION)
654 when adv, conj
655 where adv, conj
656 which det, pronoun (QUESTION)
657 white adj (COLOUR)
658 who pronoun (QUESTIONS)
659 why adv
660 wife n
661 will modal verb (ABLE/WILLING)
662 wind n (CURRENT OF AIR)
663 window n (GLASS)
664 wine n
665 winter n
666 with prep (COMPANY)
667 with prep (DESCRIPTION)
668 woman n
669 word n (LANGUAGE UNIT)
670 work n (ACTIVITY)
671 work n (PLACE)
672 work v (DO JOB)
673 world n (THE EARTH)
674 would modal verb (REQUEST)
675 write v
676 writing n
677 wrong adj (NOT CORRECT)
678 year n
679 yellow n
680 yellow adj (COLOUR)
681 yes adv
682 yesterday adv
683 you pronoun (PERSON/PEOPLE ADDRESSED)
684 young adj
685 your det (PERSON/PEOPLE ADDRESSED)
686 zoo n

 

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